Xiamen University

Great missionaries to Gulangyu in the 19th century

After its defeat in the Opium Wars (1840 to ‘42), China was forced to open and establish five treaty ports to the outside world. Xiamen was one such port. Missionaries were subsequently allowed to come to Xiamen and live on Gulangyu, which was then an international settlement. Aside from doing their missionary work, these missionaries also brought with them advanced knowledge and technological capabilities of their Western, capitalist nations. Some of them set up schools, hospitals, and carried out charitable activities in Xiamen. In this article, we will introduce three