Food & Wine

Pomelo, the seasonal fruit for Mid-Autumn Festival

Updated: 24 Sep 2009
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Light yellow variety of pomelo

As autumn comes, seasonal fruits are becoming popular in most markets and fruit stores in Xiamen. For example, Pomelo, the biggest of all the citrus fruit that is native to Southeast Asian countries.


The pomelo - locally known as youzi - (柚子)is the largest fruit in the citrus family and an antecedent of the grapefruit. Because of its rotundness and time of harvest, it is commonly associated with the moon and Mid-Autumn Festival.


The character “you” is also a homophone of blessing and protection and thus, the pomelo is considered to be a felicitous fruit. Along with its auspicious name, the robust, slightly tart honey taste of the pomelo complements the freshness of tea and the rich flavor of moon cakes.
Pomelo can grow as large as 30cm in diameter and weigh up to 25 pounds. The pulp color varies from pale yellow to pink and red. The rind is very thick but soft and easy to peel away. Pommel has sweet and sour tastes but the membranes of the segments are bitter and usually discarded.
Health Benefits:

The rind of pomelo contains a high amount of bioflavonoid. The bioflavonoid in pomelo was discovered to even stop cancer cells from spreading in breast cancer patients by ridding the body of excess estrogen.
Even if the juice of pomelo has an acid taste, its juice actually has an alkaline reaction after digestion. It is therefore beneficial in the digestive system.
Pomelo has pectin which is effective in reducing the accumulation of arterial deposits.
The high content of vitamin C helps to strengthen and maintain the elasticity of arteries.
Pomelo can aid in the weight loss process, because the fat burning enzyme in pomelo can help to absorb and reduce the starch and sugar in the body.
Pomelo can even help in cases of fatigue, diabetes, fever, insomnia, sore throat, stomach and pancreatic cancer.
Uses: Pomelo fruit is eaten fresh or is use to make juice. The pulp can be use to make salads and the peel is used to make candies and in Chinese cooking, citrus peel is often used for flavoring, especially in sweet soup desserts.
Buying Tip: When buying pomelo choose fruit that is heavy for its size, blemish-free and has fragrant sweet smell. If you can, choose the pink and red variety which is slightly sweeter and more nutritious (because of the darker pigment).
Juicing Tip: Keep the fruit at room temperature before juicing to get the most out of it. To prepare, quarter the fruit and peel off the skin. Leave in as much rind as possible as it contains the most anti-cancer agents. You may add honey if you find the juice too sour.
SOURCE: HubPages


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