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The Maps of Chinese Dynasties 221B.C-1911A.D

Updated: 03 Mar 2007
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Fujian came under Imperial domination and was administered during the Qin (Ch’in) dynasty (221-206 BC), but was never effectively annexed before the 7th century A.D. Its foreign trade prospered from the 12th to the 17th century and then declined after the rise of the Canton Port (Guangzhou) in the south.

Xiamen only manifested its existence during the Song dynasty (960-1279) when it was an isolated subsistence farming community of 4,000 residents. Its first entry into national significance occurred in the late 1300s, when the ruling Ming dynasty took advantage of Xiamen's coastal location and natural harbor to transform the city into a frontline against the advances of invading pirates and restless Japanese expansionists.

During the 1600s, Xiamen began trading with Portugal, followed by Spain, and then the Dutch, who became so enamored with the area's potential that they attempted to add it to their colonial empire. It was around this same time that Zheng Chenggong, locally known as Koxinga, began to create his legacy as a warrior. He successfully took Taiwan back from the Portuguese.

After peace was restored, trading resumed with Europe. Relations remained amicable until the first Opium War (1839-1842) with Great Britain, which ended in a resounding defeat for China. Under the provisions of the Treaty of Nanjing, Xiamen was declared one of "Five Treaty Ports," giving Great Britain the right to residency. France, Germany and the United States signed similar treaties in the following years and their influences can still be seen today, especially on Gulangyu Island with its wall-to-wall colonial architecture. England would reign over Xiamen until 1939, when Japan invaded.

 

Below are the maps of Imperial China during the various dynasties, these maps tell the co-relation between the imperial rules and their connections to Fujian Province and Xiamen. Many of the dynasties were reluctant to annex Fujian due to the problems of accessibility. Fujian is mountainous and accessing to the Fujian coastal region was hampered. This was the result of delay in claiming Fujian by the Imperial Rulers.

 

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The Qin Dynasty (221 - 207 B.C.)

 

The Qin came to power in 221. The king of the Qin state, Yinzheng conquered the other six states and unified the country. Yinzheng named his new dynasty as Qin with the capital at Xianyang, today's Xianyang in Shaanxi province. Yinzheng named himself the First Emperor, or Shi huangdi, thus beginning the tradition of having emperors for rulers

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The Han Dynasty (206 B.C. - 220 A.D.)

Defeated his rival, Liubang founded the Han Dynasty in 202 BC. The Han dynasty was historically divided into two major periods; the Western Han dynasty, also known as the Former Han and the Eastern Han, the Later Han

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The Sui Dynasty (581 - 618)

 

 

 

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The Tang Dynasty (618 - 907) 

 After the fall of the Sui dynasty, liyuan founded the Tang dynasty with its capital at Chang'an. Tang dynasty is regarded as the high point in Chinese civilization. The achievement in Tang is superior thus Tang is considered by historian as the greatest dynasty in ancient china

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 The North & South Song Dynasty (960 - 1,127) & (1,127 - 1,280)

 

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The Yuan Dynasty (1,271 - 1,368) 

Yuan dynasty is one of the two powers which established by ethnical group in China. The great leader- Kublai Khan of Mongols ended the fragmentation of the country and established the Yuan dynasty

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The Ming Dynasty (1,368 - 1,644) 

 Zhuyuanzhang abolished Yuan dynasty and founded his new power as Ming dynasty with capital at Nanjing, today's Nanjing, Jiangsu province. Ming is a noted period with great achievements in ancient China

 

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The Qing Dynasty (1,644 - 1,911) 

 

 The Qing Dynasty is the last dynasty in China. It ruled China from 1644AD to 1911AD

 

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