Xiamen's Marine Economy

Updated: 06 Mar 2007
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Xiamen, situated between the Pearl River Delta and Yangtze River Delta, is an economic hub along the southeast coast of China.


Being a transportation hub from Southeast Asia to Northeast Asia, the significance of its port as a thoroughfare to the sea is indispensable to Fujian Province and to China. Meanwhile, Xiamen is the forerunner on the west coast of the Taiwan Strait, and a port for the pilot Direct Cross-Strait Transportation Links and the Xiamen-Jinmen sea route, thanks to the favorable location of the Xiamen Bay that embraces Jinmen. Xiamen’s unique geographical conditions have boosted the rapid development of its marine economy and the construction of Xiamen into a major thoroughfare along the southeast coast.


Xiamen covers a sea area of 390 km2 with a coastline of 234 km and 17 uninhabited islands. Despite of its limited sea area, Xiamen owns a prominent advantage in terms of resources, with plenty of ports, seaside tourist resorts and marine biodiversity. The Xiamen Port has planned for 31.7 km of deep-water coastline, and thus becomes the logistic center and the pivot of comprehensive transportation in Fujian. It owns 79 seaside tourist resorts that fall into 24 categories, and 2000 species of marine organisms including rare animals & plants like Chinese White Dolphin, Lancelet, Limulus (Horseshoe Crab), Egret and Mangrove and over 60 marine species with high economic value.


The sea, being a gateway, a carrier and a strategic resource of great significance, serves as an advantage and lifeline for Xiamen, and provides new opportunities for the city’s survival and development. In fact, marine economy has already become a key component in Xiamen’s socioeconomic development.


The past few years has witnessed the remarkable progress of Xiamen’s marine economy, which takes the form of an integrated marine economic system with four industries as the principal sector, i.e. coastal industries, port and maritime industry, seashore tourism and marine fishery. In 2004, the value-added in the marine economy totaled 11.5 billion RMB yuan, accounting for 12.96% of Xiamen’s GDP, an increase of 81% compared with that of 2000. Obviously, the marine economy plays a crucial role in Xiamen’s domestic economy.


The port is Xiamen’s lifeline. By the end of 2004, Xiamen has owned 74 productive berths, among which 23 are deep-water berths and 12 are containers berths. In 2004, the Xiamen Port owned a cargo throughout of 42.61 million tons, and a container throughput of 2.87 million TEUs, which ranked the 7th among ports in Mainland China and the 26th among ports worldwide. Also, in 2004, the value-added in Xiamen’s port and maritime industry totaled 5.15 billion RMB, an increase of 69% over the year of 2000 level. The Xiamen Port has been designated as one of China’s 25 major ports, one of the 8 ports along the container trunk lines, and also one of the 12 district pivot ports.


Seashore tourism has also developed substantially. In 2004, Xiamen entertained 16.166 million tourists of domestic and overseas and rendered a total profit of 21.07 billion RMB. Also, the value-added in the seashore tourism amounted to 850 million RMB, an increase of 29% over the year of 2000.


In 2004, the value-added in Xiamen’s marine fishery reached 520 million RMB, an increase of 24% over 2000.


Furthermore, the marine construction industry has also developed promptly, with a value-added of 1.97-billion RMB in 2004, an increase of 99% over the year of 2


Xiamen International Forum for Coastal Cities 2006

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